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SHORT REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 141-143

Novel mutation in the nuclear receptor subfamily 0, group B, member 1 (NR0B1) gene associated with intrafamilial heterogeneity in three boys with X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism from India


1 Department of Medical Genetics, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Child Health, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sumita Danda
Department of Medical Genetics, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore 632004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-258X.278692

Background. Nuclear receptor subfamily 0, group B, member 1 (NR0B1) gene previously known as DAX1 is a transcription factor that plays a key role in the development of hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal and adrenal axis. Primary adrenal failure may result from metabolic, infection, autoimmune or developmental causes resulting in a life-threatening condition needing immediate intervention. This study aimed to analyse NR0B1 (DAX1) gene mutation resulting in adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) in three brothers presenting with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and primary adrenal failure either in infancy or in early childhood. Methods. We studied three boys with primary adrenal failure and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism presenting at different ages at the Paediatric Endocrinology Clinic. Muta- tional analysis of NR0B1 gene was carried out by bidirectional sequencing. Results. All the three boys had deletion of G in exon 1 at position 189 (c.189_189delG) of the gene resulting in frame shift mutation (Y64Tfs*21). Conclusion. Novel mutation in NR0B1 detected by this study explained the cause ofhypogonadotropic hypogonadism with primary adrenal failure in this Indian family. Intrafamilial variability was seen in this family. Early diagnosis by genetic testing, genetic counselling and family screening can help to manage this life-threatening condition.


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