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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-95

Active case-finding for tuberculosis in India


ICMR-National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, No. 1, Mayor Sathiyamoorthy Road, Chetpet, Chennai 600031, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Mohan Natrajan
ICMR-National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, No. 1, Mayor Sathiyamoorthy Road, Chetpet, Chennai 600031, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-258X.275349

Early identification of presumptive tuberculosis (TB) cases through active case-finding (ACF) would be an important complementary strategy to meet the national urgency in accelerating case detection to achieve the goals of 'End TB' strategy. ACF activities have yielded additional cases in different vulnerable groups in India. The yield of cases depends on the screening tool available, the characteristics of the high-risk population being screened, and most importantly, the linkage between effective diagnostic and treatment facilities. The ACF strategy could be both economically and epidemiologically relevant if it could bring down the level of transmission. This needs long-term research focusing on outcomes such as cases averted and reduction in the prevalence of the disease. Available evidence suggests that ACF is likely to be feasible in Indian settings but needs to be scaled up rapidly to create a good impact.


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