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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 187-192

Role of synaptophysin in the intraoperative assessment of quadrantic innervation of the proximal doughnut in Hirschsprung disease


1 Department of Pathology, St John’s Medical College and Hospital, St John’s National Academy of Health Sciences, Bengaluru 560034, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Paediatric Surgery, St John’s Medical College and Hospital, St John’s National Academy of Health Sciences, Bengaluru 560034, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Usha Kini
Department of Pathology, St John’s Medical College and Hospital, St John’s National Academy of Health Sciences, Bengaluru 560034, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-258X.218669

Background. Symptoms may persist in a retained aganglionic segment of the colon after corrective (pull-through) surgery in Hirschsprung disease (HD). Thus, it is important to assess the proximal doughnut for innervation abnormalities intraoperatively by frozen sections stained with conventional haematoxylin and eosin stain and supported by rapid acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry. When the doughnut is proximal to the sigmoid colon, AChE is not useful and requires ratification by yet another rapid technique and hence this study. Methods. Two pathologists independently evaluated fresh doughnuts from the proximal bowel clinically assumed to be of normal innervation intraoperatively and chosen for anastomosis in patients with HD along with controls using AChE and synaptophysin (SY) immunohistochemistry. Results. From 38 patients with HD, 28 doughnuts (63.7%) showed normal innervation with intense SY activity in the mucosa, the muscularis and the ganglion cells. The circumferential aganglionic doughnuts (abnormal innervation) (n= 6, 13.6%) showed neither SY-positive fibres in the mucosa nor in the muscularis. The abnormal transition zone doughnuts (n=10, 22.7%) showed involvement of three quadrants of the doughnut in one, two quadrants in three and one quadrant in six with decreased SY-positive fibres in the muscularis and scattered ganglion cells with a statistically significant measure of agreement of (κ=0.973) between the two. Conclusion. The pattern, intensity and distribution of SY-positive fibres in the muscularis propria of the doughnut of the proximal bowel chosen intraoperatively for anastomosis in HD can identify sectors with abnormal innervation allowing the surgeon to seek normal innervation status more proximally to avoid complications.


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