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MEDICAL EDUCATION
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 94-97

Perception, awareness and practice of research-oriented medical education among undergraduate students of a medical college in Kolkata, West Bengal


1 Undergraduate student, Final year, R.G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, R.G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Subhankar Chatterjee
c/o Manisha Chatterjee, Shantiniketan Apartment, Nabapally, Barasat, North-24 Paraganas, Kolkata 700126, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 27586217

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Background. The addition of research-oriented medical education (ROME) to the existing curriculum could promote logical thinking, rapid literature search and a better understanding of research methodology. Creation of research temperament could lead to innovations in healthcare. We assessed the perception, awareness and practice of ROME among undergraduate students. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 234 students of R.G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata selected by the simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using a pre-designed, pre-tested, validated questionnaire by direct interviews. Results. The mean (SD) perception score was 44.2 (5.03). Students from outside West Bengal (p=0.05), women (p=0.03) and students whose parents were doctors (p=0.01) had significantly higher scores. Students in the second and fourth semesters had a better perception than those in the sixth and eighth semesters. Awareness of research fellowships granted to undergraduate students such as the Indian Council of Medical Research-Short-term studentship (ICMR-STS) was low among the second semester students (13.9%), but more than half (59.3%) of the students in the eighth semester were aware (difference across semesters, p<0.001). Awareness about journals, conferences and 'research bodies promoting student research' was low. Students in the senior semesters spent more time on research (6th semester 72.2% and 8th semester 88.9%) than those in the junior semesters (2nd: 66.7% and 4th: 77.8%; difference across semesters, p=0.03). About 3% of students participated in extracurricular research and/or had presented work at a conference. Conclusion. There is a good perception about the need for research but a lack of awareness of the why and how, as well as hardly any practice of ROME among medical students of this medical college.


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